Theme 7: Regulation

Regulation is based on economic theory and is necessary in situations where the market is not able to allocate resources efficiently or fails to maximize social welfare. It is present, therefore, in areas that are of public interest and in specific markets, as the cases of natural monopolies.

The regulation of water supply and sewage services is an important factor in promoting efficiency and optimization of resource uses. It is, therefore, an essential tool in the quest for universal service delivery and the achievement of the SDG 6.

The experiences of regulation of water supply and sewage services in various parts of the world differ in content and degrees of maturation. In developing countries, the discussion is at a more early stage and can benefit from exchanging experiences with countries where regulation is more advanced.

This theme will be addressed in three main aspects, through three sections:


1. Topic 71 – Institutional Models and Regimental Structure:

Session 711 – Regulation and its contribution to SDG 6;

Session 712 – Centralized and Decentralized Models.


2. Topic 72 – Tariff issues:

Session 721 – Determination of the Average Tariff;

Session 722 – Tariff structures (cross subsidies).

* Subsidy Policies; Social tariff; Minimum consumption or membership fee; Firm demand contracts; Differential rates for collection and treatment; Wholesale water; Prepaid water; Seasonal rate; Reuse water.


3. Topic 73 – Training for Regulation:

Session 731 – Regulation and Actors Interface.

* International experience on the process of internalization of the importance of regulation by regulated entities and technical training of regulatory agencies.

Alceu de Castro Galvão Jr.
Alceu is a civil engineer with a Masters degree in Hydraulics and Sanitation and a PhD in Public Health. He is a regulatory analyst of ARCE, in Cearpa, Brazil. Alceu is also an accredited professor of the Master Course in Management and Regulation of Fiocruz Brasília. He was the winner of the Jabuti Award 2012 (3rd place in the exact sciences category) and the distinction of Emeritus of the Brazilian Association of Regulatory Agencies - ABAR 2013, category Academy. Alceu is an author and editor of books on planning and regulation of the basic sanitation sector.
Luiz Antonio de Oliveira Jr
He holds a Master´s Degree in Management and Public Policy at FGV-SP and a MBA in Regulation of Markets at FIPE-SP. He is graduated in Sciences, Chemistry and Mathematics. He is a specialist in Regulation and Inspection of Public Services at the Sanitation and Energy Regulatory Agency of the State of São Paulo - ARSESP; He coordinates the Technical Quality Group of the Technical Chamber of Basic Sanitation, Water Resources and Health (CTSan) of the Brazilian Association of Regulatory Agencies - ABAR; He is a director of the Association of Professionals of State and São Paulo Regulatory Agencies - APAR-SP.
Alejo Molinari
ERAS - Argentina
He is a manager of Benchmarking at ERAS – Water and Sanitation Regulation Agency/Argentina ( He is a civil engineer and holds a Master´s degree in Business Administration (MBA). He has specialized in Public Services Regulation and has been a regulator of the potable water and sanitation sector in the Metropolitan Region of Buenos Aires (AMBA) since 1994. He has created and developed systems of assessment of the Federal Association of Water and Sanitation Regulators of Argentina (AFERAS) and of the Association of Drinking Water and Sanitation Regulators of the Americas (ADERASA) to regulators in Argentina and Latin America, respectively. He is a contributor to the World Bank, the IDB, the World Health Organization; the United Nations; the International Water Association (IWA); (AFERAS) and the Association of Water and Sanitation Regulators of the Americas (ADERASA), in the areas of water and sanitation management and regulation. As a consultant, he has advised several entities that provide water and sanitation services and public organizations in Latin America. He has also acted as an expert in several international arbitrations at the International Center for Arbitration for Investment Disputes (ICSID) of the World Bank and the International Court of Arbitration. Alejo also teaches postgraduate courses at several universities in Argentina and Brazil. He was the founder and director of the ADERASA Teletraining Program, focused on training in Internet specialty topics for Latin America.
Marisa Guimarães
Marisa is a civil engineer graduated in 1979 the Federal University of Paraná, with a postgraduate degree in Water Resources from the University of São Paulo and a specialization in administration - CEAG, from Fundação Getúlio Vargas. She worked as a Sabesp engineer for 31 years in the areas of sewage operation in the São Paulo Metropolitan Region, technological development, Tietê River Project, providing information to investors, Finance Department and Regulatory Affairs. She held the position of coordinator of Sanitation at the Secretariat of Sanitation and Energy (2008/2010) and was responsible for the contracting and the development of the Municipal Sanitation Plans for 116 municipalities in the State of São Paulo, covering the areas of water, sewage, solid waste and drainage and the Recovery of the Águas Paulistas Project - REAGUA, financed by BIRD. She is a member of the Directory Board of ABES-SP and represents ABES-SP at the CONSEMA - São Paulo State Environmental Council. She was the coordinating leader of the Sanitation Session at the World Water Forum 2018, held in Brazil.
Miguel Fernandez
Miguel is a civil engineer specialist in Hydraulics and Sanitation, EEUF/RJ-1970, postgraduate in Madrid (CEDEX-1976); PUC-Rio, Professor of Hydraulics in Civil Engineering course 1982-1995; HYDRAULIC HANDBOOK, Azevedo & Fernández, 9th edition-2015, author (co-author since 1986), He has had several publications, five of them on institutional arrangements and tariffs; He is a National Water Agency consultant and a DHI - Danish Hidraulic Institute, Correspondent in Brazil (1990-2005); He is a founding partner of AQUACON Engenharia and HIDROQUÍMICA Engª e Laboratórios; He was a professional of SABESP (holder "g-zero" 1971-1975), of MONTREAL Engenharia & IESA 1976-1985, of TECNOSOLO 1986-1989; In Brazil he has worked in 11 states, about 300 projects executed (more than 15 of them related to the tariff and the institutional subject). He has also worked in 11 countries; He has been a member since 1971 of ABCE, AWWA, AIDIS, Institute of Engineering SP of Clube de Engenharia RJ and ABES-AIDIS in which he was an adviser and creator of the Tariff Chamber.
Vanessa Fernanda Schmitt
Vanessa is a PhD student and holds a Master´s degree in Regional Development by the Regional University of Blumenau – FURB (Santa Catarina). She is a specialist in Health Systems and Services Audit, Cities Management, Public Municipal Management Controlling and Distance Education. She has also graduated in Business Administration and has an Executive Secretariat degree. She has more than 15 years of experience in public administration in the areas of sanitation and health. She is currently a professor at FURB and the administrative and institutional director of the Intermunicipal Regulatory Agency (AGIR). She coordinates the Solid Waste Group of the Technical Chamber of Basic Sanitation, Water Resources and Health of ABAR and is a member of the International Water Association - IWA.

Comming soon!